There are two First Nations communities in the Peterborough County area.

Curve Lake First Nation

Curve Lake First Nation (CLFN) is located approximately 25 kms northeast of Peterborough. The First Nation territory consists of a mainland peninsula and large island (Fox Island) on Buckhorn and Chemong Lake. Curve Lake First Nation also co-owns smaller islands located throughout the Trent Severn Waterway system. The total land base of the First Nation is approximately 900 hectares.

Curve Lake First Nation is governed by an elected Council comprising of a Chief and eight (8) Councillors.

Hiawatha First Nation

The Hiawatha Reserve is an Ojibway First Nations reserve located on the north shore of Rice Lake east of the Otonabee River. It is found in Otonabee Township approximately 30 kms south of Peterborough. The reserve consists of approximately 2145 acres of land of which 1523 are under certificates of possession.

Hiawatha First Nation is governed by a Chief and four (4) Councillors.